Components of Personal Fitness

Definitions of the components of personal fitness are listed below. The first 5 are considered the main components of physical fitness. The definitions of the different components follow.

1 - Body Composition

2- Flexibility

3 - Cardiovascular Endurance

4 - Muscular Endurance

5 - Muscular Strength

6 - Speed

7 - Power

8 - Reaction Time

9 - Agility

10 - Coordination

11 - Static Balance

12 - Dynamic Balance

13 - Fun (yeah I know I made it up, but it is important)

Click on this link to see a list of activities and the different components of personal fitness they improve.


Definitions of the different terms of the components of physical fitness follow:

1 - Body Composition - Is the ratios of muscle, fat, and bone. It is usually measured as a percentage of fat. Bouyancy is the standard that all body composition measurement techniques are judged by. Different types of measurements are electric impedance, skin fold.

2- Flexibility - The ability to bend. It can be measured in the range of motion of different joints.

3 - Cardiovascular Endurance - How much oxygen the heart and lungs can deliver to the body while moving for an extended length of time.

4 - Muscular Endurance - The length of time a muscle can move a weight for an period of time.

5 - Muscular Strength - How much weight a muscle can move.

6 - Speed - How fast a distance can be traveled in, whether it is the whole body or just a part of the body like the foot for example.

7 - Power - Is the strength and speed combined, as in a punch, a fist has no power with no speed.

8 - Reaction Time - Amount of time to initiate an action.

9 - Agility - Ability to move under control.

10 - Coordination - Ability to synchronize movement of different body parts.

11 - Static Balance - Ability to balance while not in motion.

12 - Dynamic Balance - Ability to balance while in motion.

13 - Fun - Ability to make the brain happy while improving fitness.

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